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A new classification is needed for pelvic pain syndromes—are existing terminologies of spurious diagnostic authority bad for patients? J Urol ; — Annu Rev Med ; — This will allow the evaluation of individual symptoms that warrant further evaluation for the presence of BPS and the relative contribution of the applied diagnostic procedures, including cystoscopy with hydrodistention and biopsy findings, to distinguish patients with BPS from those without BPS but one of the confusable diseases.
Conflicts of interest None of the authors has conflicts of interest in the publication of this paper. J Urol ; —6. Interstitial cystitis: an introduction to the problem. In: Interstitial cystitis. Lon- don: Springer-Verlag, The diagnosis of prostatitis test name cystitis revisited: lessons learned from the National Institutes of Health Interstitial Cystitis Database study.
J Urol prostatitis test name —7. The standardisation of terminology of lower urinary tract function: report from the Standardisation Sub-committee of the Interna- tional Continence Society.
Neurourol Urodyn ; — Pro- ceedings of the International Consultation on Interstitial Cystitis. March 28—30, Kyoto, Japan. Int J Urol ; 10 Suppl i—iv :S1— Criteria for rheumatic disease.
Tuberculous orchitis US and MRI findings. Correlation with histopathological findings
Different types and different functions. Arthritis Rheum ;— Primary evaluation of patients suspected of having interstitial cystitis IC. Eur Urol ;—9. EAU guidelines on chronic pelvic pain. Toward optimal health: Philip Hanno, M.
Interview by Jodi R. J Womens Health Larchmt ;—8. Urgency: the key to defining the overactive bladder. BJU Int ;96 Suppl 1 :1—3. Correlation between 2 interstitial cystitis symptom instruments.
Classification of chronic pain, descriptions of chronic pain syndromes and definitions of pain terms.
IASP Press; Updated results of a randomized, double-blind, multicenter sham-controlled trial of microwave thermotherapy with prostatitis test name Dornier Urowave in patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia. Urowave Investigators Group. World J Urol ;—8. Transurethral microwave thermotherapy for symptomatic benign prostatic hyper- plasia: short-term experience with Prostcare.
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Urol Int ;— Urology ;— Urology ; —42, discussion —3. Overactive bladder and painful bladder syndrome: there need not be confusion. Neurourol Urodyn ;— The urgency perception score: validation and test- retest.
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J Urol ;— Urology ;—4. The role of urinary potassium in the pathogenesis and diagnosis of interstitial cystitis. J Urol ;—6, discussion —7. An assessment of the use of intravesical potassium in the diagnosis of interstitial cystitis. Prosztatarák kezelése protokoll, United Kingdom: University Prostatitis test name, Toward a precise definition of interstitial cystitis: further evidence of differences in classic and nonulcer disease.
J Urol ;—2. In: Campbell-Walsh Urology e-dition, ed. Elsevier, Mosby, Saunders; Chronic pelvic pain as a form of complex regional pain syndrome. Clin Obstet Gynecol ;— Report and abstracts. BPS may occur together with confusable diseases such as chronic or remitting urinary infections psa szűrés menete endo- metriosis.
Cystoscopy with hydrodistention and biopsies might in this situation document positive signs of BPS thereby making a double diagnosis more probable. For therapeutic studies it makes sense to exclude patients who also have a con- fusable disease because symptoms and signs may be caused by BPS, the confusable disease, or by both. For prevalence studies of BPS, prostatitis test name the other hand, all cases with BPS should be included, also those with a confusable disease.
This approach eliminates the need for separate diagnostic criteria for clinical practice and scientific studies. Why do we need various BPS types?
Unravelling the cause of a disease usually begins with grouping patients with similar symptoms and signs. The hypothesis is that these patients have a disease with the same etiopathogenesis that is better recognized in homogeneous than in heterogeneous groups.
This has been the reason for dividing BPS patients into subgroups types based on positive signs. It is worth noting that the Hunner type of disease stands out as a specific type, not only cysto- scopically but also with reference to histopathology, response to treatment, and complications [8,23].
Why do we propose to change the name of IC? Hanno recently stated that the term IC was not descriptive of the clinical syndrome or the pathologic findings in many cases. Moreover, the term IC is misleading because it directs attention only to the urinary bladder and inflammation .
The name IC excludes patients with typical IC symptoms but normal cystoscopic and histologic findings from disease classification in many countries around the world. The inability to classify these patients might have severe negative consequences for the patients, for example, in therapeutic, personal, social, and many other aspects. IC, originally considered a bladder disease, is now considered a chronic pain syndrome .
These perceptions have led to the current effort to reconsider the name of the disorder [8,24,26,27]. Why do we propose to choose BPS as the new name?
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For some time now there has been much work going on in international organizations to create a logical and workable terminology for chronic persistent pain conditions. This implies a taxonomy-like approach under the umbrella term of chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Further identification is based on the primary organ that prostatitis test name to be affected on clinical grounds.
Urologic pelvic pain syndromes are divided into bladder pain syndrome, urethral pain syndrome, penile pain syndrome, prostatitis test name pain syndrome, and others. More specific terminology is based on the identification of, for example, inflammation or infection [27,28]. The classification system of chronic pelvic pain syndromes aims to draw together the expertise of many specialist groups.
The impact of the Mi az a krónikus prosztatitis of chronic pelvic pain syndromes thus goes far beyond the scope of IC. Another essential feature is that the nomenclature and knowledge of pathophysiologic mechanisms do not conflict with each other. In this context, the name bladder pain syndrome was considered the best new name for IC to date, because the name is in line with the other chronic pelvic pain syndromes and is in balance with the clinical presentation of the syn- drome and prostatitis test name level of knowledge of its pathophy- siology.
We realize that changing the name of IC into BPS may have emotional implications, understandably for patients, but also for patient organizations with a scope limited to IC and for insurance and reimbursement in different health systems around the world. In this context, it is worth remembering that a subgroup of BPS patients representing the Hunner type of disease presents interstitial inflammation and is thus fulfilling the requirements of the original term of IC.
Next steps A worldwide evidence-based consensus is lacking on whether chronic pelvic pain perceived to be related to the bladder is a prerequisite for a diagnosis of BPS and on the value of cystoscopy with hydrodistention and biopsies for the manage- ment of patients with BPS. For this reason, ESSIC will start a prospective validation study in which europeanurology53 60—67 65 5.
Why is pain a prerequisite? BPS is characterized by urinary bladder pain [9,10]. A recent study, however, demonstrated a correlation between pain bother in the IC problem index burning, discomfort, pain, or pressure and the presence of pain in the IC symptom index prostatitis test name only 0. The International Association for the Study of Pain; www. Patients having microwave treatment for benign prostatic obstruction producing tissue damage at the bladder neck report the same sensation of pressure and discomfort in the bladder region [13—15].